Top 15 Medical Specialties with the Highest Salaries

The best-paid professional workers in health care are among doctor’s specialists. While doctors specialists have to go to school for years, they end up earning more money than most professionals after graduation. To become doctor specialist in the USA, you must complete four years of medical school, internship, and residency training as usual requirements. In addition to this, specialist physicians must undergo intensive training in their chosen specialty, and acquire a license in this field. The duration of this training depends on the chosen field and the level of specialty. Orthopedic residency can last up to five years, while in anesthesia it is three years long.

Top 15 Medical Specialties with the Highest Salaries

Many years and financial investment during scholarship, as well as daily high risk and challenges, cause one of the best-paid jobs with a tendency of growing up.

Unfortunately, many primary care givers and general practitioners have seen decreasing of their salaries, as well as some of the specialists, as allergologists and pulmonologists. According to Medscape Physician Compensation Report 2016, the greatest increases noticed among rheumatologists and internists, although they aren’t among the 15 best paid in health care.

It is important to know that salary for female doctors is lower than their male colleagues. But, concerning this, there are 53% women among pediatric specialists, and pediatric specialists take the 25. position on the best-paid doctor’s list, according to Medscape Physician Compensation Report 2016.

Neurosurgeons are at top of the list with an average doctor salary of $625,300.  The 2012 MGMA Physician Compensation Report put this figure even higher, suggesting the average income was $775,968 with the top ten percent earning up to $1,229,881.

Let’s see which 15 medical specialties are the best paid in health care according to The Medscape Physician Compensation Report 2016.

1. Orthopedist

The average salary is about $443,000 annual.

An orthopedist is a doctor who specializes in healing the parts of the body allowing a patient to move. Orthopedists specialize in muscular and skeletal conditions of the entire body but can focus on a particular part, such as the foot or shoulder. They also treat other issues and diseases that may affect a patient’s muscles and bones.

2. Cardiologist

The average salary is about $410,000 annual.

A cardiologist is a physician who specializes in finding, treating, and preventing diseases that affect the heart, arteries, and veins. Cardiology is a sub specialty in the field of internal medicine. Cardiologists research, diagnose and treat conditions such as blockages, heart injuries and diseases, as well as keeping their eyes on other factors such as high cholesterol, diabetes, and high blood pressure. As a cardiologist, you may find employment in private practice or in a hospital, clinic or similar medical setting. According to “Forbes,” cardiologists earn about $380,000 per year, though actual income varies with location and experience.

3. Dermatologist

The average salary is about $310,000 annual.

Dermatologists are medical doctors who diagnose and treat ailments of the largest organ of the human body and advise patients on achieving healthy and attractive skin. Graduation from medical school is followed by a 1-year internship, three years of job training as a medical resident, a state-licensing exam and, for those who qualify, certification.

Salary of dermatologists noticed one of the highest growth. It was 11% in 2016. According to, dermatologists earned a median annual salary of $204,072 as of January 2016.

4. Gastroenterologist

The average salary is about $380,000 annual.

A gastroenterologist is a physician with dedicated training and unique experience in the management of diseases of gastrointestinal tract and liver. It is a sub specialty in the internal medicine.

Digestive disorders include disorders of an esophagus, a stomach, small and large intestines, pancreas, gallbladder, and liver. So, the study of gastroenterology and hepatology are often related to each other. Nevertheless, some doctors opt for hepatology as an even narrower field of work.

5. Radiologist

The average salary is about $375,000 annual.

A radiologist is a medical doctor who is trained in executing and interpreting medical images such as X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, and MRIs and using them to treat health problems in patients. They use the tools and the devices to make a diagnosis for a patient, then presents the results to the patient’s physician. Radiologists obtain a Doctor of Medicine degree, complete an internship and residency, and then pass a board review and examination. The job growth outlook for radiologists is much faster than the job market as a whole, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and median salaries are in the high $200,000s.

6. Urologist

 The average salary is $367.000 annual.

Urologists specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases, disorders, injuries, and deformities of male reproductive organs, as well as both genders’ urinary tracts.

They are surgeons who conduct operations, and performs various other treatments, with the use of medical equipment like lasers, X-rays, fluoroscopes, radium emanation tubes, and catheters. Procedures are performed on the bladder, kidneys, prostate, uterus, urethra, and adrenal glands.

Following medical school, a residency of at least five years is required. This five-year post-graduate surgical training period is comprised of a minimum of 12 months in general surgery, 36 months in clinical urology, and the remaining 12 months in a discipline relevant to urology.

7. Anesthesiologist

 The average salary is $360,000 annual.

Anesthesiologists are the physicians responsible for carrying on general or local anesthesia, which allows surgeons and other physicians to complete invasive procedures. Thanks to that, during the procedure, patients feel minimal or no discomfort. Anesthesiologists also closely monitor a patient’s vital signs and critical life functions before, during and after the surgery – making rapid decisions on limited data when required. So, being an anesthesiologist is very stressful. They work in hospital operating rooms, but also in other places, including invasive radiology, gastrointestinal endoscopy, electrophysiology and more. In fact, the profession is expected to grow by 21 percent through 2024, with 7,100 new jobs.

 8. Plastic Surgeon

 The average salary is about $355,000 annual.

A plastic surgeon operates on a patient’s face or body in order to repair or reconstruct the area. There are two aspects of work: cosmetic surgery to improve appearance, as well as reconstructive surgery to correct appearance after an injury or to improve the function of a human body. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment opportunities for surgeons and other physicians were expected to grow by 14% over the 2014-2024 decade.

9. Oncologist

The average salary is $339,000 annual.

Oncologists can either work as radiation, pediatric, gynecological, surgical or medical oncologists. Depending on what a professional decides to focus on, the individual may be in charge of different duties. But, all of them focuses on a care about the patients with cancer.

While oncologists have to learn how to deal with different cancers, they may also specialize in specific types. The specialization may take up to 5 additional years of training. Oncologist professionals have to be certified by The Board Of Radiology and the certification they get remains valid for 10 years after which they have to undergo a retesting process.

Oncology, at present, is a relatively small field of health care practice, but the field will likely grow by more than 20% between 2012 and 2022.

10. General Surgeon

 The average salary is about $322,000 annual.

General surgeons perform operations to treat or prevent diseases, repair damage caused by injuries, correct deformities, and improve the functions of a human body. They will gain experience by assisting with surgical procedures, and helping patients before and after operations. This is an extremely demanding profession that requires long, irregular hours. This is a physically demanding profession since surgeons are required to stand for hours. They have to be mentally focused and fully alert at all times. So, they are among the best-paying positions in health care.

11. Emergency Physicians

The average salary is about $322,000 annual.

An emergency room physician is a high paid job, where women earn the same as men and have many of the same opportunities for advancement. But before that, you have to spend four years as an undergraduate, four years in medical school and anywhere from three to seven years as a resident, while you become board certified in emergency medicine. The emergency room is an environment with a high level of stress because the doctors must treat a range of life-threatening conditions in a very short time, while they often deal with little or no information about the patients or the causes of their conditions since the patients are often unconscious.

12. Ophthalmologist

The average salary is about $309,000 annual.

An ophthalmologist heals illness and disorders of the eyes. He or she may provide routine care such as a vision testing and prescribe and fit eyeglasses or contact lenses. They are also surgeons and can repair traumatic injuries of the eye and perform cataract and corneal surgery.

13. Critical Care Physician

The average salary is about $306,000 annual.

Critical care medicine encompasses the diagnosis and treatment of a wide variety of clinical problems representing the extreme of human disease. The critical care specialists work at the departments of an intensive care and therapy, but may also be the primary providers of care or consultants. They are competent in a broad range of conditions common among critically ill patients but also for using the technical procedures and devices used in intensive care units.

14. Pulmonologist

The average salary is about $281,000 annual.

A pulmonologist is an internal medicine physician that specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions and diseases that affect the lungs, bronchial tubes and the respiratory system including the nose, pharynx, and throat. These conditions can also affect the chest, so pulmonologists also receive training in diagnosing and treating conditions and diseases of the chest, such as asthma, emphysema, tuberculosis, pneumonia and other complicated chest infections. They have to have completed a 4-year medical school program followed by a 3-year residency in internal medicine and 1 to 3 years of fellowship training in pulmonology. Before being able to practice they have to pass a string of certification and licensing exams.

15. Obstetricians and Gynecologists

 The average salary is about $277,000 annual.

Gynecologist examines a reproductive system of a female. They also monitor a patient during prenatal, natal and postnatal periods and perform tests and prescribe medication and treatment, as necessary, as well as deliver babies. An average annual salary for a gynecologist varies due to several factors such as the place of an employment, geographical location, qualifications in both obstetrics and gynecology, and an experience in the field of gynecology. Although Gynecology is one of the highest paying specialties of all medical fields.

Gynecologists who have also specialized in obstetrics receive much higher salary than those who have specialized only in Gynecology.

Top 10 Hospitals in the World That Any Doctor Would Want to Work in

Massachusetts General Hospital, United States

1. John Hopkins Medical Center, United States

John Hopkins Medical Center

John Hopkins’ Medical School and Hospital is one of the most famous medical institutions in the world. It is the leading medical institution with the best modern medical education on all levels of the health care systems in the United States. During internships and clinical rotation at the John Hopkins Medical Center, practitioners are getting the best knowledge of chosen specialties such as neurosurgery and cardiac surgery. It is an educational center for many students, scientists, health care professionals and the public. It also provides patient-centered medicine to prevent, diagnose and treat human illness.  Because of it, John Hopkins had also been rated as the number one hospital in the world for over 20 years. The mission of the John Hopkins Medical Center is improving the health of the community and the world by setting the standard of excellence in medical education, research and clinical care.

It is the carrier of modern achievements in medical science. This is the place where the enzyme the CRISPR was first time studied, as well as the first male-to-female sex reassignment surgery was done.

Average salaries for The Johns Hopkins Hospital physician is about $139,771 annual.

2. Mayo Clinic, Rochester and Scottsdale Campuses, United States

Mayo Clinic, Rochester and Scottsdale Campuses, United States

This is the medical center unique within the United States to get a 5-star rating from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. It is also rated No. 1 by such sources as US News and World Report, as well as the best services within such specialties as nephrology, endocrinology, and gynecology. Mayo Clinic in Rochester is also assorted nationally in 15 adults and 9 pediatric specialties.

Mayo employs over 4,000 staff, which performs about 26,416 annual inpatient and 31,929 outpatient surgeries. Its emergency room has about 72,247 visits annually. Physician’s average annual salary is about $252,270.

Researching disease processes and virology, Mayo is looking to the future of public health in terms of handling epidemics in a timely and efficient manner.

3.  St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, United States

St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, United States
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, United States

St. Jude has treated children from all 50 states and from around the world. Families of ill children never receive a bill from St. Jude for treatment, travel, housing or food. The hospital St. Jude is funded by donations from individuals, organizations, and companies. Despite that, St. Jude has research department where it invests into the future of pediatric sciences, including top tier training of medical students into physicians which is why it is listed as one of the best teaching hospitals in the United States.

Treatments invented at St. Jude have helped push the overall childhood cancer survival rate from 20% to more than 80% since it opened more than 50 years ago.

The average salary of Staff Physician – Hospitalist is about $178,877.

4. Asklepios Klinik Barmbek, Hamburg, Germany

Asklepios Klinik Barmbek, Hamburg, Germany
Asklepios Klinik Barmbek, Hamburg, Germany

The Asklepios Group is the biggest private operator of hospitals in the entire European continent and Asklepios Klinik Barmbek in Hamburg is the leading among Asklepios family hospitals.

The new clinic opened 2005, but it has over 100 facilities. At the clinic, patients have been provided with the right treatment options and excellent service in medicine, nursing, and rehabilitation.

The hospital has 19 departments, around 620 beds and 1600 members of staff involved in the provision of cutting-edge methods of treatment, diagnostic and nursing care. They also use the innovative medical technology of companies that make their products available to Asklepios before it is even released to the rest of the world.

5. Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand

Bumrungrad International is an internationally accredited hospital which treats over 1.1 million patients annually using pharmacy, laboratories and other departments with 554 beds, in 30 specialty centers with different specializations, which include cardiology, orthopedics, oncology, endocrinology, nephrology, neurology, and nutrition. It is the biggest private hospital in Southeast Asia. Around 40% of the patients are foreigners. It has an American-style of managing things, and it provides English-speaking representatives to ensure the smooth flow of communication between members of the staff. The hospital is managed like a five-star hotel providing custodian-style services and an electronic medical-records system that reduce paper waste and waiting time. It has 275 examination suites and 19 operating theatres, as well as 2 cardiac catheterization laboratories, bone marrow transplantation unit, hyperbaric oxygen therapy unit and the most current imaging equipment with daily capacity: 5,500 outpatients.

6. Barcelona Centre Medic, Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona Centre Medic, Barcelona, Spain
Barcelona Centre Medic, Barcelona, Spain

Barcelona Medical Center is an association of medical centers, hospitals, and clinics. It integrates 13 total medical facilities, 7 specialized centers, 3 general clinics, 1 diagnostic center and 2 collaborator centers with nearly 3520 accredited physicians employed in close to 40 medical specialties.

It also has four special Units for Applied Regenerative Medicine and Biosurgery, an Endoscopic Unit for Obesity Treatment, as well as Unit for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder.

Barcelona Centre Medic contains IVI Clinic specializes in fertility treatments, which records an enviable success, one of the best in Europe, indeed.

The first eye bank in the continental Europe is among the Center facilities at the Barraquer Ophthalmology Centre, where the first bionic eye was successfully implanted.

Barcelona Medical Center is also a result of the commitment of the associated center in the project of social corporate responsibility. So, it is one of the best in Europe and also among the finest medical centers in the world. It is redundant to point out that it is located in one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

7. Massachusetts General Hospital, United States

 Massachusetts General Hospital, United States
Massachusetts General Hospital, United States

Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston USA is a pioneer in many fields of health care, such as using computers for better monitoring of patients, as well as modern managing data. They also created and developed MUMPS- its own programming language, which achieved patient file organization, creation, and storage.

Harvard Medical School is a partner of Massachusetts General Hospital for educating and researching. Current researching is mostly within immunology related for preventing AIDS by vaccines and new methods of the therapy.

At the hospital, it has been used and promoted one of the first procedure of anesthetic application during surgical procedures.

This institution is especially proud of the eleven staff members, which are Nobel Prize laureates.

8. Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, France

Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, France
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, France

The hospital is public medical center located in over 44 facilities and 52 separate medical departments.

It takes care over 5 million patients annually. It is also the place where the students of the seven associated medical colleges educate and take plenty of experience.

The Hôtel-Dieu de Paris, as the oldest operating hospital in the world, is one of the facilities which belong to this huge medical center.

9. Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan

Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan
Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taiwan

Tzu Chi General Hospital is well known to take care of the most complex cases on the continent, especially in the field of neurology. They also notice highly rated results in Stem Cell therapy research, as well as removing pain from illness.

The Tzu Chi Bone Marrow Bank and a bone marrow registry has been created in 1993 in the hospital. Tzu Chi also cooperates with Tzu Chi College Of Medicine and Tzu Chi College Of Nursing. Adhering the principal “Humanistic Medicine with a Reverence for Life” their focus is on serving the poor without the need to pay.

So, there are only some of the reasons due to Tzu Chi General Hospital is the highest rated hospital in all of Asia.

 10. Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore

 Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore
Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore

Gleneagles Hospital is the part of the Parkway Hospital Group. There are 300 employed doctors, which specialize or sub-specialize in 30 different fields. It also has most current facilities where they promote quality care, user-friendly services, and modern technology in multi-disciplinary teams.

They also promote Day Surgery. It is a kind of a surgical procedure which is performed in one day, and where patients obtain excellent medical care and return home the same day they were operated.

Key specialties include cardiology, gastroenterology, liver transplant, obstetrics and gynecology, oncology and orthopedic.

Study Efficient with These 10 Tips: Best Proven Method

We are occupied daily with many devices such as cell phones, tablets, and computers. Because of this global problem, many students felt distracted and unable to properly concentrate on studying. There are effective tips to achieve quick results, read on to learn how.

1. Put All Devices to Off Position

TV and smartphone are devices which may cause a distraction while you study. Calls, text messages or gadgets may significantly decrease your concentration. So, if you want to study for hours, you must turn off all of them. If you need your computer to study, you may put it on, but a window not related with the object of studying must be closed. So, the ability to achieve focus on study mostly depends on your ability to block out distractions, which is produced by this kind of devices.

2. Choose the Place to Study

The choice of the place to study is very important to achieve proper focus on study. Choose the place isolated of possible disturbances. The place needs to properly lighten and organized only for study. Study chair and desk need to be comfortable for long-term sitting. It is advisable to be alone in this room. To enable this, you can indicate at the door that your learning time has begun.

3. Discipline Your Mind

 You need to train your mind to concentrate on only one thing. This is what you need while studying. During long-term studying, you will certainly lose the focus or your thoughts will start drifting away. So, if you catch some of these thoughts, stop them, and find somewhat that could bring you back to your object of study. If you continue to have difficulties make a break, and continue after 5-10 minutes.

 4. Organize Your Study Time

 Making a plan of learning can put you in position following certain steps during the time. You need to determine the part of the day to study and incorporate it into your daily routine. Avoid activities that complicate your daily schedule, suck up your time, and create stress. Your planned study time probably is continuing fewest hours. It is useful having certain tasks limited with a specific time. So you can split out your study time on timeshare of 30 minutes or how much you need to achieve specific tasks. It is recommended the timeshare during 30-40 minutes. Between the timeshares make breaks of 5-10 minutes.

5. Set Reminders

It becomes very easy to forget stuff as you get very busy, as well as if you are intensely involved in a project, or you are so deeply concentrating on a study. So, you may miss an appointment or an important phone call. Schedule important stuff using some of the apps on your cell phone, so you will not miss a thing, and at the same time, you will be able studying without worry.

6. Visualize with Paper

Writing out your notes by hand keeps you more engaged and provides a means for visualizing ideas, and questions.

Index card trick is the effective trick to achieve a proper focus. Everything that you have to do is taking an index card and write with big letters the words “focused and concentrated?” on it. The card is designed as a quick reminder to help you maintain concentration. It helps to keep your mind to constantly answering the question. The following procedure needs to be repeated again and again until a positive mental answer has formed.

It is recommended to put the card close by so that it is within your range of motion. The proper place is opened book while you are reading, as well as somewhere between your papers on the work table. So, while you move the papers the card can appear in front of your eyes every time. Whatever you do, try to stay constantly in contact with the card.

At the same way, you can make a panel with key words from the field you’re learning.

7. Wittingly Schedule Your Worry Time

Everybody is worrying, but don’t let it disturb during your study time. So, schedule worries time into your timetable. Decide when and how long you are going to think about the issues.

There is one more model how to use a piece of paper and a pen to improve your study skills.  Just write down thoughts that are distracting. So, you’ll know you won’t forget about them later.

If the same matter keeps popping up, take the time needed to deal with it.

There is a technique for overcoming the thoughts like that. It is called ABC technique which utilizes your brain’s capability not to treat a distraction. The letters ABC stands for “awareness,” “breathing” and “choosing”. “Awareness” means: become aware of a distraction, recognize and process it. “Breathing” means: take a deep breath to find out the options you have. At last, “choosing” means: choosing either respond to distraction or simply dismiss it. So, practice your mind to recognize what is it important at the moment, and what isn’t, for your workflow.

8. Active Studying

You want to closely monitor yourself on a daily and weekly basis and make adjustments. But you can’t do that if you can’t recognize your progress. So, active studying may achieve you to see your progress, as well as concentrate on studies for long hours.

Simply, it means applying what you have learned, as well as paraphrase by your own. It is useful to imagine if you are a teacher and teaching someone about what you’ve learned. You can do this every time in real life if it is convenient.

9. Studying May Be Fun

Using a music for easier learning is a good way stay entertained at the same time. Also, it is a good way to block out noise or to simply create a comfortable and relaxing environment for studying. But be careful about the choice of music. Certain types of music will improve your study focus, while others decrease your concentration. So, choose the music without vocals, but pay attention that you don’t get sleepy. Binaural sounds may be something you should learn more about.

Drawing may be a fun way to visualize what you’ve learned. So, try to draw something, which isn’t abstract, or write notes with a different color of pencils.

Quizzing is one of the most motivating ways to found out how much you have learned. Find a partner for quizzing and have fun by quizzing after study. Let the winner choose a symbolic prize.

10. Sleep Well and Enough

It is important to sleep enough. Your body needs 7 to 8 hours of sleep each day to recharge, as well as your mind. Quality sleep is a basic to be restful and ready to do daily tasks, as well as for learning with good concentration. You are wasting your time if you try to study while being tired. So, take a rest sleeping properly every night, and you’ll be fresh tomorrow.

We hope these tips will help you to improve your study and work efficiency. If you have any interesting suggestions or questions, let us know in the comments section below!

Memorization Made Easy For Medical Students

A good memory is a useful tool to have by your side, no matter what your occupation is. Students, in particular, tend to encounter difficulties in memorizing a large amount of content, and that’s quite natural. Going through extensive reading material can be quite daunting, let alone memorizing it all. Medical students have to learn and memorize new things day in and day out. Memorizing material that you’ve never come across before and are learning for the first time is a neurochemical process that could be accomplished with ease with a few simple tips.
So, if you’re a med student who can’t quite remember all individual different components of the human anatomy or intricate side effects of drugs, fear no more.
Prepare yourself before getting down to brass tacks:
Make sure the environment you choose is one with minimum distractions. Background sounds can create unnecessary extra sensory input along with what you need to learn. Eat almonds! Almonds are a good source of monounsaturated fats that are very healthy. Our neurons are insulated with a sheet made of fat called the Myelin Sheath. This insulates the electrical impulses and prevents them from escaping. Almonds strengthen this neural insulation and ensure your neurons fire rapidly without a loss of signals and this is one of the keys to recall something quickly.
Auditory input
We humans have five senses. How many times has it occurred to you that a familiar smell takes you back to a vividly formed memory? Or a particular sound that reminds you of a retrospective memory. This is because we remember things well when we use various sensory inputs to memorize something. Our brain associates one sensory input with another. In this case, a smell with a particular event – a strong connection is formed to instantaneously remind you of that something. Use this to your advantage and read aloud so you can hear what you’re reading. This couples the visual input with auditory input so, now you’re employing two sensory inputs in place of one, and this means various neurons will be firing at once. This forms connections between them (synapses) quicker, hence you learn quicker. If it’s a lecture, record the audio so you can listen to it later.
Use cumulative memorization
When reading, make sure you repeat everything a few times until that text is etched into the back of your mind. Repeating something over and over again will fire the same neurons over and over and, as a result of that, the neurons will form new synapses to form shortcuts so that the nervous impulse can now reach its destination quicker through an alternative route. This technique ensures that your short term memory is relocated to your long term memory, so you can easily retrieve that memory in future which is exactly what medical students direly need.
Chunking is the process of dividing what we have to memorizes into smaller and easier to memorize pieces. Phone numbers are separated by a hyphen (-)due to the same reason. Breaking a 10 digit number down into three “chunks” becomes significantly easier for us to memorize. This technique works best with texts and numbers that could be organized into portions, so you don’t have to worry about memorizing when Edward Jenner invented the vaccine or when Robert Koche came up with his postulates.

Cover picture by Sergey

All rights reserved – Meddy Bear 2017

How do you motivate yourself to keep studying in medical school?

Medical school overloads you with content and you often have insufficient time to cover the materials required but you must keep going on, day after day, being on the ball always. Medical students might be the selected people who can take all the stress, etc but how do you keep yourself motivated always?

This question was originally posted on, and below are some of the best answers:

Drew Young, works at Boston Children’s Hospital

The most successful students share something in common. There’s no technical way I can say this other than:

There’s a fire in their belly.

In my first year of medical school, I signed up to be a “big brother” to a 6-year old boy with congenital deafness and chronic renal insufficiency (I am reasonable in ASL so it was a natural fit). I was able to sit with him during his clinic visits and renal ultrasounds. We read together during his 3-hour dialysis sessions trading comic books. I sat with him as the anesthesiologist was prepping him for his much needed kidney transplant. I remember trying wildly to distract him with bad jokes during his IV placement. I saw him buckle on the ventilator while nurses hastily tried to sedate him. I learned of not one, but several medical errors during his hospitalization. I saw how happy his family celebrated his home-coming followed by their desperate struggle to administer the numerous immune-modulating medications. He refused. His family felt overwhelmed and unprepared. When we learned his body was rejecting his new kidney, I couldn’t believe how much I would be affected.

Having this experience as a student lit a fire in my belly. In class, when we were taught about the clinical manifestations of renal failure, the role of hemodialysis, and the peri-operative management of transplant medicine: I was goal-directed in my learning. I was desperate to learn more about mechanical ventilation and how to make patients more comfortable while recovering from surgery. When we encountered child psychology, the content wasn’t elusive – it was familiar and revealing. When we disussed quality and safety in healthcare, I viewed each lessons through the eyes of my paired family and my little brother. I challenged my instructors and I remember believing we, as a medical community, can and must do better.

Take a stroll through the halls of a medical ward, observe a surgical operation, or regularly chat with a would-be mentor. And if the opportunity exists, connect with a patient who sits in the middle of everything we do as a medical community.

The most motivating influences are to find ways that brings focus into your journey, the very fires that lit your passage to medical school.

Peter Wei, Monkey with a pen

Let’s do a quick back of the envelope calculation. Assume that you’ll be practicing for 30 years – although many physicians practice well into their 70s and beyond. And let’s give you a leisurely clinic schedule of 10 patients a day. This means that you’ll have 75,000 patient visits over the course of your career. Many of them will be sniffles and scrapes – common problems that anyone with some training can manage. But some of them will be more challenging, testing the limits of your skills of diagnosis and management. And this is where the depth of your knowledge will make a difference.

Maybe one in 50 patients – 2% of them – have an unusual presentation or require unconventional treatment. They’re the rare “zebras,” the ones where you have to go above and beyond cookbook medicine. Over the course of your career, the number of such patients you will encounter is 1,500. Throughout medical school, residency, and the lifelong learning beyond, how well you learn your craft will have a massive impact on 1,500 lives.

Medical students already been selected by a process that rewards diligence and perseverance. And medical school uses the normal array of academic carrots and sticks – grades, evaluations, and standardized test scores. Most of the time, this is enough reinforcement to study obscure biochemical pathways and the intricacies of human anatomy. But at the end of the day the realization that this is not just an academic game – that how effectively one learns the important stuff will have far-reaching future consequences – can be a powerful motivator.

Useful History taking format in medicine

History Taking Format

Hello, Mr/Mrs/Miss.         . I am Dr.         , one of the doctors in this department. I am here to ask you some questions about your condition. Is that OK? I assure you whatever we talk will be strictly confidential.

Present Illness

What brought you to the hospital today?  (Could you tell me what happened?)

Can you describe more about your symptom?

Has this happened before?

O (nset)           = When did it start? What were you doing when it started?

D (uration)      = How long did it last?

I  (ntensity)     = Was it severe or mild?

P (rogression) = Is it getting worse, better or same since onset?

AR (aggrevating and relieving factor) 

                        = Have you noticed anything to make it worse or better?

Associated Symptom = Did you notice any other symptoms?

(Were there any other symptoms before or after this episode?)

Anything else             =  Do you have anything else you would like to tell me about?



(Site, Onset, Character, Radiation, Associated symptoms, Timing, Exacerbating/relieving factor, Scale)

Consider DDx and ask relevent questions

Did you notice any change in – Sleep Appetite, Diet, BW, Bowel habit, Waterworks

Past                 = Have you had any medical problem or surgery before?

HT, DM, Heart, Blood clot, Asthma

Personal         = Smoking, Alcohol

Sex- Are you sexually active, Are you in a stable relationship?

I’m sorry to ask you this but do you have any other partners?

More than one partner?

M        =  Are you on any medication including over-the-counter medications?

A         =  Are you allergic to any medications?

F          =  Is there anybody in your family with the same problem?

T         =  Did you travel abroad recently?

O         =  What do you do for a living?

S          =  Do you live alone or with others? Was anyone with you when it happened?

A         =  Do you have anything else you want to talk about?

(P3 MAFTOSA). In present illness we have to ask ODIPARAA or SOCRATES (is suitable when there is a pian symptom)

However, I would like to take more detailed history, do relevant clinical examination and discuss with my seniors.

Thank you very much for answering my questions. You have been very cooperative.


P          = Period 

               When was your LMP?

How many days do they last?

Are they regular?

How many weeks between each period?

Do you get pain? Any bleeding between your period? Or after intercourse?

P          = Pregnancy 

                Have you ever been pregnant? How many children do you have?

Any miscarriage? Duration of pregnancy?

Mode of delivery? Any complication before, during or after pregnancy?

P          = Pills (Are you taking pill?  Are you on any contraception?)

P          = Pap smear (When did you take Pap smear?)



Birth               = Was everything fine at the time of birth and just after that?

Immunisation = Is your child up-to-date with jabs?

Red book        = Are you happy with the red book of your child?

Development  = How do you see development of your child?

Cover picture by

Why I chose medical career?

Well, I chose Medicine for various reasons.

  • First of all, I love studying our body; it’s wonderful to know how your body really works.

It’s amazing to discover, that there are a lot of cells that we can’t see with our own eyes, which have to work daily to keep us alive (Thanks guys!)

Our heart keeps beating day by day, many organs function without our influenceWhat can you say to that, rather than Wow?

  • A sentiment I didn’t find in any other profession other than medicine, is when you help a patientWhether  you save his/her life or do anything to improve it and the next thing you see is the smile on their face. This sensation is indescribable and it fills your heart with joy and accomplishment. It’s the best feeling in the world! To know you’ve done something to help others and to know they get to continue with their everyday life, all thanks to you.
  • Medicine is international. Being a doctor, you can work in the whole world, you can help anyone, around the globe, even without knowing local language…Medicine is universal, it speaks for itself.  One day, you may be sitting in your private practice in London, and next day someone can call you as an expert to visit Africa, or New Zealand, to help with a certain case. As a result, you may visit places you’ve only dreamed of.  Probably not the worst outcome 🙂

    Background vector created by Photoroyalty –

My big dream is to become a Pediatrician. I love kids so much, I think they are much better than adults (that’s my personal view for sure) as they are honest and straightforward. You cannot trick a kid, they will see right through you.

A kid’s smile is worth more than all the money of the world. When I am sad or not in the best mood, the only thing that can put a smile back on my face is a cute baby, with those chubby cheeks and giggling. After seeing this- everything is right in the world again 🙂

Medicine is not a normal course, it’s very hard and it consumes all your life. But, it also gives you a special view of life and certain path that u have to follow, if you decide to begin this journey.
If you want to be omniscient and study everything, your life will be hard. Our body’s anatomy is too much complicated for any person to memorize to the very detail… it will take you years.

With medicine, studying never really ends and you can count on many sleepless nights with book in your hands.
Ultimately, if this is your passion, I say, go for it! If you want to be the best at your job, first you have to love it. With medicine you can call it tough love 🙂

After finishing medical school, you will have to decide upon certain specialty you want to take. This is a breakthrough moment for many doctors.

Some may decide not to take a specialty at all, becoming general practitioners. Yet, others will become surgeons, gynecologists, oncologists knowing that they enrolled into medical school only to pursue that career.

Certain percent may even take into account the salary given, and as a result choose the specialty according to current market demand.

Therefore, be sure to choose what you love doing. You know the saying: ” Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.”

I believe this is true. And in the medical field, especially… When you love what you do, spending days at the hospital, taking care of patients, comes much easier. No one wants to be treated by a grumpy or unhappy doctor. And as a doctor, the stakes and expectations are high- you must always do your best!  But in the end, it’s also very rewarding.

So word of advice, when it comes to your specialty, choose wisely!

Cover picture by

Dr H.Nawatha
Founder at Meddy Bear

7 Trending Medical YouTube Channels to Help You Study

7 Trending Medical YouTube Channels to Help You Study

This question was posted on Quora by Nayeem Talukder
Videos in medical fields have always been a huge value for medical education , either it was for pre-graduate medical student or for ongoingcontinuous medical educations , there are many of medical videos at YouTube mainly submitted by users randomly to their accounts , but there are many medical channels which are broadcasting medical videos , some of those are directed for certain special as surgery and radiology but most of them are general medical videos .
What is so great about this series of medical video channels ,they have got attention of YouTube users , even some of them highlight and added their videos to their playlists as well as pushed some videos to featured videos .
This Series of YouTube medical video channels i classify to groups : General medical videos , 3D medical videos , Surgery , Laparoscopic surgery , Plastic Surgery , USMLE , Clinical Skills , Radiology .
1-University of Maryland Medical Center – Channel :
The University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMC) is a major, innovative teaching hospital that provides health care to people throughout Maryland and the Mid-Atlantic region.
2-YouTube Medical School – Surgicalgown’s Channel ( Surgical Operation Videos ) – Channel :
This online med school has 380 videos(Sept., 09) of real operations & patients.
3-Spore Medical : Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Channel :
Already wrote a quick review about it in here .
4-Clinical Skills Videos channel :
Wrote a quick review about it in here .
5-Real Health Answers Com Channel :
a General Healthcare Videos from Special Acai Berry Feature Issue .
6-USMLE Video Lectures Channel :
It provides video lectures avout USMLE step 1 , Step2 , with tips . so far it has over 51 videos uploaded .
7-USMLE Algorithms Channel :
These video clips are algorithms that were made specifically for students preparing for the USMLE exams.
8-CDC Youtube Channel .
9-University of Michigan Stem Cell Research Channel :
The University of Michigan is a world leader in adult stem cell research and home to one of six U.S. core facilities for the maintenance of federally approved lines of human embryonic stem cells. – link .
10-British Medical Journal YouTube channel :
Published since 1840, the BMJ (BMJ) is an international general medical journal, published weekly in print and updated daily online.
11-Penn State Hershey Medical Center Channel :
Central Pennsylvania’s largest medical center brings you healthinformation to help you live better!
12-MediVisuals 3D Medical Animation Company Channel :
They are publishing samples of their 3d medical animation videos .
13-Fauquier ENT Consultants – Channel :
Fauquier ENT is a private otolaryngology (ENT) & allergy practice. We are located in Northern Virginia, about 1 hour directly west of Washington DC. We have created this YouTube channel as a service to our patients to find and watch qualty video on a variety of ENT topics from one central location.
14-Beverly Hills Plastic Surgery – Video Channel .
15-OsceTube : Random Medical Videos – Channel .
16-Hybrid Medical Animation Video – Channel :
3D medical Videos  .
17-Dragofeu2’s Channel :
Laparoscopic Surgical Operations Videos .
18-Drbobrd ‘s Human Anatomy Videos –  Channel :
This channel contains videos of anatomical models used at Modesto Junior College to teach human anatomy.
19-Medicaldtv’s Channel :
70 Medical Videos including clinical cases , surgical operations and Medical Video Lectures .
20-Drkonstantinidis `s Channel :
Laparoscopic Robotic Surgery Da Vinci Surgical System .
21-Human Anatomy Videos Channel :
Human Anatomy Videos for medical students .
22-ORLive : Live Surgery Videos – Channel :
Surgery Channel : Live Surgical Operation Videos
23-DoctorWeinstein Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Video Channel .
24-MDSonography’s Channel :
MDSonography’s Channel Closing to 50 videos with clear quality videos uploaded . its a good resource for who are looking for good Sonography videos .
25-RadRounds Radiology Network  – Radiology Videos Channel .
26- Open Heart Surgery Videos – Channel :
a Series of videos uploaded by MD. Bassam F. Akasheh , a Cardiac Surgeon from Amman, Jordan . in his personal account titled by his name .
27-Scripps Health – San Diego – Channel :
Scripps Health is a not-for-profit, community-based health care delivery network in San Diego, California, that includes four acute-care hospitals on five campuses, more than 2,300 affiliated physicians, an extensive ambulatory care network, home health care and associated support services. , Medical Knowledge Overdose – Channel :
well it has few videos comparing to the others but its promising .
29-DrFoleyinOlympia’s Channel :
Plastic and Cosmetic surgery commercial channel
30-Nucleus Medical – Medical Video Showcase – Channel :
Its a company specializing in medical illustrations, animations and interactive multimedia for health care and medical education .
Honorable mention :
–Video surgery a surgical videos youtube channel .
DiscoveryHealth .
-UCTV, University of California Television – youtube channel .
National Geographic .
BBCWorldwide .