3 Common Treatments for High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a common issue which impacts millions of people every year. Fortunately there are a number of ways to manage and improve the severity of the condition, which can help prevent many of the potential side effects of high blood pressure.
Changing your lifestyle is one of the most effective ways of treating high blood pressure, and it works more effectively when combined with medical treatment. Many people prefer embracing custom plans that allow them to manage their recovery process through exercise schedules, dietary adjustments and getting rid of habits like smoking that could worsen the situation. But this is often not enough and they have to look for better ways to treat high blood pressure.
When treating high blood pressure in a patient, many doctors will recommend and prescribe some of the below treatments. This medication, coupled with dietary adjustments and physical exercise, can bring blood pressure under control in the long term.
Thiazide Diuretics
Also referred to as water pills, thiazide diuretics diuretics are medications that work by acting on your kidney to eliminate excess water and sodium, which relaxes the blood vessel walls. This approach works to lower overall blood pressure levels. These drugs are often the first option for those looking to treat high blood pressure.
However, if you have been using a diuretic and your condition is yet to improve, you should consult with your doctor to understand the underlying problem better. You will likely undergo some tests which will help the doctor choose the most appropriate treatment to use. Depending on your blood type, you could find that some diuretics take longer to have an impact.

Calcium Channel Blockers
The second popular and effective option for the treatment of high blood pressure that you could embrace is using calcium channel blockers. These are basically medications which reduce the amount of calcium in the cells of the heart and blood vessel walls. As with diuretics, calcium channel blockers help relax the blood vessel walls and allow the heart to receive more oxygenated blood.
Some of the calcium channel blockers you could use include amlodipine and dilitiazem. There are also others that work by slowing down your heart rate, which reduces any risks occurring because of high blood pressure.
Basically, high blood pressure is a condition where the force of the blood exceeds what the artery walls can take, and this comes with several risks. Therefore, taking drugs like amlodipine that help to relax the blood vessels could save you from the severe effects that come as a result of neglecting the condition.
Calcium blockers have a much higher impact when used by older people more than ACE inhibitors do, so you need to consider your age bracket when choosing which drugs to use. Also, while battling high blood pressure, you should avoid using grapefruit because it interacts with channel blockers to increase blood levels, which puts you at a risk of suffering side effects. If you are worried about interactions, make sure to talk to your doctor before you embark on any treatment.

Candesartan
Candesartan belongs to a group of drugs called Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), which work by relaxing blood vessels by blocking the action of a chemical that triggers the narrowing of blood vessels. This is one of the most perfect choices out there for someone undergoing treatment for high blood pressure as it also benefits those with chronic kidney disease. It is a neutral yet beneficial drug that works well in the treatment of high blood pressure.
While there are various high blood pressure treatments available it’s always best to consult with your doctor about the best approach for your situation. They will know which treatment will be most effective for treating your unique symptoms.

Antibiotics for a virus?

 

Imagine the following scene. You are lying in bed, your throat hurts, nose is running, your whole body is in pain, you feel weak. In comes your mother (sister, father…etc. ) and tells you to go and see a doctor, they will give you antibiotics and you will feel much better.

Sounds familiar? Everyone has experienced this at least a few times in a lifetime.

Why is using antibiotics for treatment of viruses wrong?

Well, first and foremost, antibiotics do not have any effect on viral infections. In a nutshell, antibiotics don’t kill viruses, because viruses have different structure than bacteria, and also, they replicate in a different manner. Antibiotics are specifically designed to kill bacteria, or prevent their further regrowth.

Taking antibiotics for viral infection will not cure the infection, nor it will help you feel better, and certainly will not prevent other people from getting sick. Also, inappropriate use of antibiotics can cause harmful side effects. Simply, it can cause more harm than good.

How do antibiotics work? They interfere with the bacterial cell wall and therefore prevent bacterial replication. Due to widespread use of these drugs, bacteria have found a way to adapt, by strengthening their own cell walls and by producing enzymes that can inactivate the antibiotic.

Number two, overuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance. Research has shown that up to one-third to one-half of antibiotic use is either unnecessary or inappropriate. Resistant bacteria are stronger and therefore harder to treat.

Antibiotic resistance can also lead up to rise in superbug infections.  Parts of the world where there has been an alarming spread of superbugs include Israel, Greece, India, China and as been reported, also on the rise in Australia.

 

So, what’s our advice?

  • Never take any medication on your own, before consulting with your doctor.
  • Respect doctor’s advice. Do not insist on getting prescription antibiotics if you suffer from cold, flu, sore throat and other viral infections.
  • If you have any type of viral infection, you should: drink more fluids, get plenty of rest, consult your physician about over-the-counter treatment options that may help reduce symptoms.

N.Jovanovic

Antiobiotics: Bacteriostatic Vs. Bactericidal

Depending on mode of action, antibacterial drugs can stop multiplication of bacterial cells (bacteriostatic action) or however to provocate its deah (Bactericidal action). This division is somewhat conditional. Bactericidal antibacterial drugs (bactericide) in some bacteria can act only as bacteriostatic for example: penicillins which are bactericidal antibiotics, in enterococcus act as bacteriostatic – only stop the multiplication of enterococcos. From the other hand bacteriostatic drugs (bacteriostatic) in some bacteria can act as bactericidal afor example Cloramphenicol acts as bactericidal in haemophilus, macrolides and oxazolidinone in some sensitive bacteria also can manifest bactericidal action. The division of bacteriostatic and bacteriocidal antibacterial drugs was made on their basic action in therapeutic dose in most sensitive bacteria. It’s significant for more reasons: bacteriostatic antibiotics drugs are given only when exist in the patient a preserved immune system. Bacteriostatic only stop the bacterial multiplication but don’t kill them. In immunocompromised (some forms of malignant diseases, AIDS, hard forms of cachexia, state after applying citostatic), always are given bactericidal antibacterial drugs which kill bacteria. Bactericidal and not bacteriostatic are given also when infection is in a place which is relatively poorly covered – for example: infection of heat’s valves (endocarditic), or in serious systemic infection (sepsis), in which the immune response is also compromised.

Earlier was considered that bacteriostatic and bactericidal drugs can’t be combined because bacteriostatics stop bacterial multiplication, and bactericidal drugs kill them only when they are multiplying. This rule is valid also today, with rare exceptions – Penicillin cant be combined with cloramfenicol in treatment of Meningitis except with Haemophilus influenza (cloramfenicol in Haemophilus acts as bactericidal); fluoroquinolones act also in bacteria which are not multiplying so the combination static/cidal drugs will not affect antagonism.

Bactericidal antibacterial drugs are
– Beta laktams antibiotics
– glycopeptides antibiotics
– polypeptides antibiotics
– lypopeptides antibiotics
– aminoglycosides antibiotics
– streptogramins
– fluoroquinolones
– imidazoles
– rifampicin
– izoniazid
– pirazinamid

Bacteriostatic antibacterial drugs are:
– Tetracyclines
– glyciclines
– amfenicoles
– macrolides
– chetolides
– piranozides
– oxazolidinones
– sulfonamides
– Spectinomycin
– etambutol